Graphene plasmonics for terahertz to mid-infrared applications

Tony Low, Phaedon Avouris

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

863 Scopus citations


In recent years, we have seen a rapid progress in the field of graphene plasmonics, motivated by graphene's unique electrical and optical properties, tunability, long-lived collective excitation and its extreme light confinement. Here, we review the basic properties of graphene plasmons: their energy dispersion, localization and propagation, plasmon-phonon hybridization, lifetimes and damping pathways. The application space of graphene plasmonics lies in the technologically significant, but relatively unexploited terahertz to mid-infrared regime. We discuss emerging and potential applications, such as modulators, notch filters, polarizers, mid-infrared photodetectors, and mid-infrared vibrational spectroscopy, among many others.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1086-1101
Number of pages16
JournalACS nano
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 25 2014


  • applications
  • damping
  • graphene plasmonics
  • metamaterials
  • mid-infrared
  • plasmon-phonon-polaritons
  • plasmon-polaritons
  • plasmonic devices
  • spectroscopy
  • terahertz


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