Graph-Based Compact Model (GCM) for Efficient Transistor Parameter Extraction: A Machine Learning Approach on 12 nm FinFETs

Ziyao Yang, Amol D. Gaidhane, Kassandra Anderson, Glenn Workman, Yu Cao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Compact models for CMOS transistors usually have many fitting parameters to accurately capture the device properties, especially for the cutting-edge CMOS technology. As a result, parameter extraction of compact models requires a lot of expertise and engineering time. To overcome this barrier, we propose a new machine learning approach, graph-based compact model (GCM), to automate parameter extraction with high efficiency. GCM starts from a core set of physical equations, such as long-channel surface potential with semi-empirical analytic equations for short-channel effects. It then aggregates these physical models through graph neural networks (GNNs) to predict the final device behavior. In this approach, the analytic equations preserve physical dependencies on process and bias conditions, while the neural networks in GCM enable model training driven by a small set of measurement data. Using GCM, we demonstrate parameter extraction with high accuracy for dc and ac data from GlobalFoundries 12 nm FinFET technology. We further incorporate channel length and temperature dependence in GCM. The generation of a full GCM model card is less than 5 min, all automated through the back propagation process. Finally, GCM is implemented in Verilog-A and passes Si2 benchmark tests, ensuring model continuity and quality in circuit simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-262
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1963-2012 IEEE.


  • Circuit simulation
  • FinFET
  • compact models
  • field-effect transistor (FET)
  • graph neural networks (GNNs)


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