Gradient rotating outer volume excitation (GROOVE): A novel Method for single-shot two-dimensional outer volume suppression

Nathaniel J. Powell, Albert Jang, Jang Yeon Park, Julien Valette, Michael Garwood, Małgorzata Marjańska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: To introduce a new outer volume suppression (OVS) technique that uses a single pulse and rotating gradients to accomplish frequency-swept excitation. This new technique, which is called gradient rotating outer volume excitation (GROOVE), produces a circular or elliptical suppression band rather than suppressing the entire outer volume.

Methods: Theoretical and k-space descriptions of GROOVE are provided. The properties of GROOVE were investigated with simulations, phantom, and human experiments performed using a 4T horizontal bore magnet equipped with a TEM coil.

Results: Similar suppression performance was obtained in phantom and human brain using GROOVE with circular and elliptical shapes. Simulations indicate that GROOVE requires less SAR and time than traditional OVS schemes, but traditional schemes provide a sharper transition zone and less residual signal.

Conclusion: GROOVE represents a new way of performing OVS in which spins are excited temporally in space on a trajectory that can be tailored to fit the shape of the suppression region. In addition, GROOVE is capable of suppressing tailored regions of space with more flexibility and in a shorter period of time than conventional methods. GROOVE provides a fast, low SAR alternative to conventional OVS methods in some applications (e.g., scalp suppression).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-149
Number of pages11
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


  • Frequency-swept pulse
  • MRI methodologies
  • Outer volume suppression


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