Goodness-of-fit tests for GEE with correlated binary data

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The marginal logistic regression, in combination with GEE, is an increasingly important method in dealing with correlated binary data. As for independent binary data, when the number of possible combinations of the covariate values in a logistic regression model is much larger than the sample size, such as when the logistic model contains at least one continuous covariate, many existing chi-square goodness-of-fit tests either are not applicable or have some serious drawbacks. In this paper two residual based normal goodness-of-fit test statistics are proposed: the Pearson chi-square and an unweighted sum of residual squares. Easy-to-calculate approximations to the mean and variance of either statistic are also given. Their performance, in terms of both size and power, was satisfactory in our simulation studies. For illustration we apply them to a real data set.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-110
Number of pages10
JournalScandinavian Journal of Statistics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2002


  • Generalized estimating equations
  • Logistic regression
  • Pearson's chi-square
  • Unweighted sum of squares


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