Goal orientation and task demand effects on motivation, affect, and performance

Debra Steele-Johnson, Russell S. Beauregard, Paul B. Hoover, Aaron M. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

173 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two studies tested the joint effects of goal orientation and task demands on motivation, affect, and performance, examining different factors affecting task demands. In Study 1 (N = 199), task difficulty was found to moderate the effect of goal orientation on performance and affect (i.e., satisfaction with performance). In Study 2 (N = 189), task consistency was found to moderate the effect of goal orientation on self-efficacy and intrinsic motivation. Results are discussed in relation to self-regulatory processes cued by goal orientations, attentional resource demands, and the need to match goal orientations to the nature of the task.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)724-738
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume85
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2000

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