GLS1 is a Protective Factor in Patients with Ovarian Clear Cell Carcinoma and its Expression Does Not Correlate with ARID1A-mutated Tumors

Valentino Clemente, Asumi Hoshino, Mihir Shetty, Andrew Nelson, Britt K. Erickson, Ruth Baker, Nathan Rubin, Mahmoud Khalifa, S. John Weroha, Emil Lou, Martina Bazzaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Targeting glutamine metabolism has emerged as a novel therapeutic strategy for several human cancers, including ovarian cancer. The primary target of this approach is the kidney isoform of glutaminase, glutaminase 1 (GLS1), a key enzyme in glutamine metabolism that is overexpressed in several human cancers. A first-in-class inhibitor of GLS1, called CB839 (Telaglenastat), has been investigated in several clinical trials, with promising results. The first clinical trial of CB839 in platinum-resistant patients with ovarian cancer is forthcoming. ARID1A-mutated ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) is a relatively indolent and chemoresistant ovarian cancer histotype. In OCCC-derived cells ARID1A simultaneously drives GLS1 expression and metabolism reprograming. In ARID1A-mutated OCCC-derived mouse models, loss of ARID1A corresponds to GLS1 upregulation and increases sensitivity to GLS1 inhibition. Thus, targeting of GLS1 with CB839 has been suggested as a targeted approach for patients with OCCC with tumors harboring ARID1A mutations. Here, we investigated whether GLS1 is differentially expressed between patients with OCCC whose tumors are ARID1A positive and patients whose tumors are ARID1A negative. In clinical specimens of OCCC, we found that GLS1 overexpression was not correlated with ARID1A loss. In addition, GLS1 overexpression was associated with better clinical outcomes. Our findings have implications for human trials using experimental therapeutics targeting GLS1. Significance: GLS1 differential expression in patients with OCCC with or without ARID1A mutations is significant because a clinical trial with a GLS1 inhibitor is forthcoming. Tumors without ARID1A have low levels of GLS1 and GLS1 expression is associated to better outcome. Thus, blockade of GLS1 could be counterproductive for patients with OCCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)784-794
Number of pages11
JournalCancer Research Communications
Volume2
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors;

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

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