Global surgery: Current evidence for improving surgical care

Jennifer C. Fuller, David A. Shaye

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review: The field of global surgery is undergoing rapid transformation, owing to several recent prominent reports positioning it as a cost-effective means of relieving global disease burden. The purpose of this article is to review the recent advances in the field of global surgery. Recent findings: Efforts to grow the global surgical workforce and procedural capacity have focused on innovative methods to increase surgeon training, enhance international collaboration, leverage technology, optimize existing health systems, and safely implement task-sharing. Computer modeling offers a novel means of informing policy to optimize timely access to care, equitably promote health and financial protection, and efficiently grow infrastructure. Tools and checklists have recently been developed to enhance data collection and ensure methodologically rigorous publications to inform planning, benchmark surgical systems, promote accurate modeling, track key health indicators, and promote safety. Creation of institutional partnerships and trainee exchanges can enrich training, stimulate commitment to humanitarian work, and promote the equal exchange of ideas and expertise. Summary: The recent body of work creates a strong foundation upon which work toward the goal of universal access to safe, affordable surgical care can be built; however, further collection and analysis of country-specific data is necessary for accurate modeling and outcomes research into the efficacy of policies such as task-sharing is greatly needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-306
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

Keywords

  • essential surgery
  • global health
  • global surgery
  • humanitarian
  • low-income and middle-income countries

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