GIS-based measures of environmental equity

Exploring their sensitivity and significance

Eric Sheppard, Helga Leitner, Robert B. Mcmaster, Hongguo Tian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to determine whether principles of environmental justice have been violated, a large number of empirical studies have been carded out to ascertain whether minority and low-income populations are disproportionately exposed to industrial pollution. This study provides a comparative evaluation of two commonly employed proximity measures in GIS-based environmental equity assessment, examining their influence on the results of the analysis, and proposes a methodology for evaluating the significance of these results. 1990 census data on population characteristics and data from the 1995 EPA's toxic release inventory (TRI) for the City of Minneapolis, MN are used. These results also allow a preliminary assessment of environmental equity/inequity in potential exposure to airborne toxic chemicals for racial minorities, poor people and children in Minneapolis. In the third part of the paper we develop and employ a geographic randomization methodology for assessing the significance of these results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-28
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Poisons
equity
Geographic information systems
Pollution
GIS
low income population
environmental justice
population characteristics
methodology
Social Justice
Censuses
Population Characteristics
Poverty
Random Allocation
census
Equipment and Supplies
minority
Environmental assessments
evaluation
industrial pollution

Keywords

  • Environmental justice
  • Risk assessment

Cite this

GIS-based measures of environmental equity : Exploring their sensitivity and significance. / Sheppard, Eric; Leitner, Helga; Mcmaster, Robert B.; Tian, Hongguo.

In: Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, Vol. 9, No. 1, 1999, p. 18-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{7276f5e5dee84e3eb0f7543829ec278f,
title = "GIS-based measures of environmental equity: Exploring their sensitivity and significance",
abstract = "In order to determine whether principles of environmental justice have been violated, a large number of empirical studies have been carded out to ascertain whether minority and low-income populations are disproportionately exposed to industrial pollution. This study provides a comparative evaluation of two commonly employed proximity measures in GIS-based environmental equity assessment, examining their influence on the results of the analysis, and proposes a methodology for evaluating the significance of these results. 1990 census data on population characteristics and data from the 1995 EPA's toxic release inventory (TRI) for the City of Minneapolis, MN are used. These results also allow a preliminary assessment of environmental equity/inequity in potential exposure to airborne toxic chemicals for racial minorities, poor people and children in Minneapolis. In the third part of the paper we develop and employ a geographic randomization methodology for assessing the significance of these results.",
keywords = "Environmental justice, Risk assessment",
author = "Eric Sheppard and Helga Leitner and Mcmaster, {Robert B.} and Hongguo Tian",
year = "1999",
doi = "10.1038/sj.jea.7500023",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "18--28",
journal = "Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology",
issn = "1559-0631",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - GIS-based measures of environmental equity

T2 - Exploring their sensitivity and significance

AU - Sheppard, Eric

AU - Leitner, Helga

AU - Mcmaster, Robert B.

AU - Tian, Hongguo

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - In order to determine whether principles of environmental justice have been violated, a large number of empirical studies have been carded out to ascertain whether minority and low-income populations are disproportionately exposed to industrial pollution. This study provides a comparative evaluation of two commonly employed proximity measures in GIS-based environmental equity assessment, examining their influence on the results of the analysis, and proposes a methodology for evaluating the significance of these results. 1990 census data on population characteristics and data from the 1995 EPA's toxic release inventory (TRI) for the City of Minneapolis, MN are used. These results also allow a preliminary assessment of environmental equity/inequity in potential exposure to airborne toxic chemicals for racial minorities, poor people and children in Minneapolis. In the third part of the paper we develop and employ a geographic randomization methodology for assessing the significance of these results.

AB - In order to determine whether principles of environmental justice have been violated, a large number of empirical studies have been carded out to ascertain whether minority and low-income populations are disproportionately exposed to industrial pollution. This study provides a comparative evaluation of two commonly employed proximity measures in GIS-based environmental equity assessment, examining their influence on the results of the analysis, and proposes a methodology for evaluating the significance of these results. 1990 census data on population characteristics and data from the 1995 EPA's toxic release inventory (TRI) for the City of Minneapolis, MN are used. These results also allow a preliminary assessment of environmental equity/inequity in potential exposure to airborne toxic chemicals for racial minorities, poor people and children in Minneapolis. In the third part of the paper we develop and employ a geographic randomization methodology for assessing the significance of these results.

KW - Environmental justice

KW - Risk assessment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032720029&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032720029&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/sj.jea.7500023

DO - 10.1038/sj.jea.7500023

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 18

EP - 28

JO - Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology

JF - Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology

SN - 1559-0631

IS - 1

ER -