Giant Perpendicular Exchange Bias in a Subnanometer Inverted (Co/Pt)n/Co/IrMn Structure

Jiafeng Feng, H. F. Liu, H. X. Wei, X. G. Zhang, Yong Ren, Xinxi Li, Yan Wang, J. P. Wang, X. F. Han

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report a giant perpendicular exchange bias Hexper exhibited in the R-H curves of an inverted (Co/Pt)n/Co/IrMn multilayer and an inverted (Co/Pt)n/Co/Cu/(Co/Pt)4/Co/IrMn spin-valve structure, in which the Pt layers are only 1/4 nm in thickness and thinner than the Co layers. Hexper shows an unusual linear scaling with the repetition n+1 of the (Co/Pt)n/Co free layer, reaching 792 Oe for n+1=9. In contrast, the in-plane exchange bias Hexin is almost constant. This effect originates from Co/IrMn interfacial magnetic coupling in the inverted (Co/Pt)4/Co/IrMn reference layer and is magnified by a near-perpendicular exchange coupling between the interface Co layer and the multilayer (Co/Pt)n (n=4 for the spin-valve structures) in the reference layer. The latter also leads to a linear scaling of the exchange bias with the number of repetitions of Co/Pt in the reference layer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054005
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 12 2017

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