We propose a novel approach to achieve a giant anomalous Hall effect (AHE) in materials with flat bands (FBs). FBs are accompanied by small electronic bandwidths, which consequently increases the momentum separation (K) within pair of Weyl points and, thus, the integrated Berry curvature. Starting from a simple model with a single pair of Weyl nodes, we demonstrated the increase of K and the AHE by decreasing the bandwidth. It is further expanded to a realistic pyrochlore lattice model with characteristic double-degenerated FBs, where we discovered a giant AHE while maximizing the K with nearly vanishing band dispersion of FBs. We identify that such a model system can be realized and modulated through strain engineering in both pyrochlore and spinel compounds based on first-principles calculations, validating our theoretical model and providing a feasible platform for experimental exploration.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This project is supported by SMART, one of seven centers of nCORE, a Semiconductor Research Corporation program, sponsored by National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). We acknowledge the MSI in the University of Minnesota for providing the computational resources.
© 2021 American Physical Society.
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