Germination of wild rice, Zizania aquatica, seeds and the activity of alcohol dehydrogenase in young seedlings.

S. Campiranon, W. L. Koukkari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Seeds of wild-rice stored at 3 deg C for c. 3 months after harvest did not germinate until portions of seed coat above the embryo region were removed. During the first few days following germination there was no apparent difference between seedlings germinated under normal, aerated or anaerobic conditions. After 14 days, plants maintained under well-aerated conditions were the most fully developed. Unlike shoot growth roots did not develop under reduced aeration. The activity of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) in extracts obtained from young wild-rice seedlings was highly specific for ethanol as a substrate, for NAD as the coenzyme, and the opt. pH was c. 9.1. Enzyme activity changed with stage of growth and developed, reaching max. activity 8 days after germination. Aeration strongly inhibited ADH activity. Under anaerobic conditions the activity of ADH increased several-fold over the activity of ADH extracted from shoots of seedlings maintained under normal conditions.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-297
Number of pages5
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1977

Keywords

  • effects
  • seeds
  • seed germination
  • aeration
  • enzymes
  • alcohol dehydrogenase
  • anaerobiosis
  • coat
  • enzyme activity
  • oxidoreductases

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