Geographic variation in the onset of decline of ischemic heart disease mortality in the United States

S. Wing, C. Hayes, G. Heiss, E. John, M. Knowles, W. Riggan, H. A. Tyroler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

This report examines geographic variation in the onset of the decline of ischemic heart disease (IHD) mortality in white males aged 35-74 during the period 1968-78. Using a quadratic regression model, State Economic Areas (SEAs) were classified as experiencing onset of the decline in 1968 or earlier, 1969-72, or 1973 or later. In the United States as a whole, approximately one-third of SEAs experienced a late onset of the decline (after 1968). Metropolitan SEAs were in advance of non-metropolitan, and the Northeast and Pacific states showed earlier onset than the South and midsections of the country. The acceleration of the national decline after 1972 appears to be due to declines in areas in which rates had been increasing or in plateau until that time. Evidence about geographic variation in the onset of decline may provide clues about social and environmental factors responsible for the decline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1404-1408
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume76
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

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