Geographic signatures: Firm proximities and performance

Varghese P. George, Akbar Zaheer

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Research on firm location typically adopts a regional perspective and ascribes cluster benefits to firms. This study considers a firm's complete national geographic presence, including their sub-units, relative to all other firms. We focus on the US pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries due to their knowledgeintensive nature. We carefully define the two industries as 'alter' to each other. Higher firm level performance is associated with greater scattering of a firm's sub-units. There are surprising adverse effects of proximity to firms in the 'alter' industry and no effect of proximity to directly competing firms in the 'ego' industry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 2006
Event66th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2006 - Atlanta, GA, United States
Duration: Aug 11 2006Aug 16 2006


Other66th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2006
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAtlanta, GA


  • Benefits and costs of proximity
  • Geographic signature of firms
  • Knowledge intensive industries


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