Geographic concentration and establishment scale

Thomas J. Holmes, John J. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

121 Scopus citations


This paper shows that plants located in areas where an industry concentrates are larger, on average, than plants in the same industry outside such areas. In some sectors, such as manufacturing, the differences are substantial. The connection between size and concentration is stronger than what we would expect to find if plants were randomly distributed like darts on a dartboard.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)682-690
Number of pages9
JournalReview of Economics and Statistics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2002


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