Genome-wide association mapping reveals genetic architecture of durable spot blotch resistance in US barley breeding germplasm

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Abstract

Spot blotch, an economically important disease of both barley and wheat, is caused by Cochliobolus sativus (anamorph: Bipolaris sorokiniana). The disease has been reported in many regions of the world, but is particularly severe on barley in the Upper Midwest region of the USA and adjacent areas of Canada. For over 50 years, spot blotch has been effectively controlled through the deployment of durable resistance in six-rowed malting cultivars. To characterize loci conferring spot blotch resistance in US barley germplasm, we employed an association mapping approach using 3,840 breeding lines and cultivars. Three quantitative trait loci (QTL), Rcs-qtl-1H-11_10764, Rcs-qtl-3H-11_10565 and Rcs-qtl-7H-11_20162, were found to confer both seedling and adult plant resistance. Together, these three QTL comprise the Midwest Six-rowed Durable Resistant Haplotype (MSDRH), which is present in all Midwest six-rowed cultivars released since the 1960s. Each QTL alone only partially reduced disease levels, but combining all three together reduced the seedling infection response and adult plant disease severity by 47 and 83 %, respectively. The identified MSDRH will be valuable for marker-assisted selection of breeding lines to deploy spot blotch resistance and can also be incorporated into genomic selection as one of the disease resistance traits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-154
Number of pages16
JournalMolecular Breeding
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013

Keywords

  • Association mapping
  • Quantitative trait locus
  • Spot blotch

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