Genome-wide analysis of replication timing by next-generation sequencing with E/L Repli-seq

Claire Marchal, Takayo Sasaki, Daniel Vera, Korey Wilson, Jiao Sima, Juan Carlos Rivera-Mulia, Claudia Trevilla-García, Coralin Nogues, Ebtesam Nafie, David M. Gilbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


Cycling cells duplicate their DNA content during Sphase, following a defined program called replication timing (RT). Early- and late-replicating regions differ in terms of mutation rates, transcriptional activity, chromatin marks and subnuclear position. Moreover, RTis regulated during development and is altered in diseases. Here, we describe E/LRepli-seq, an extension of our Repli-chip protocol. E/LRepli-seq is a rapid, robust and relatively inexpensive protocol for analyzing RTby next-generation sequencing (NGS), allowing genome-wide assessment of how cellular processes are linked to RT. Briefly, cells are pulse-labeled with BrdU, and early and late S-phase fractions are sorted by flow cytometry. Labeled nascent DNAis immunoprecipitated from both fractions and sequenced. Data processing leads to a single bedGraph file containing the ratio of nascent DNAfrom early versus late S-phase fractions. The results are comparable to those of Repli-chip, with the additional benefits of genome-wide sequence information and an increased dynamic range. We also provide computational pipelines for downstream analyses, for parsing phased genomes using single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to analyze RTallelic asynchrony, and for direct comparison to Repli-chip data. This protocol can be performed in up to 3 d before sequencing, and requires basic cellular and molecular biology skills, as well as a basic understanding of Unix and R.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)819-839
Number of pages21
JournalNature Protocols
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


Dive into the research topics of 'Genome-wide analysis of replication timing by next-generation sequencing with E/L Repli-seq'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this