Genetic transformation of Coccidioides immitis facilitated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens

Raed O. Abuodeh, Marc J. Orbach, M. Alejandra Mandel, Anath Das, John N. Galgiani

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101 Scopus citations


Agrobacterium tumefaciens was used to facilitate genetic transformation of Coccidioides immitis. A gene cassette containing the gene encoding hygromycin phosphotransferase (hph) was cloned into a T-DNA vector plasmid and introduced into A. tumefaciens, and the resultant strain was used for cocultivation with germinated arthroconidia. This procedure produced numerous colonies 60- to >500-fold more resistant to hygromycin than untransformed mycelia. Both polymerase chain reaction and Southern blot analysis of the transformants indicated that all contained hph, usually as a single genomic copy. A transformation frequency of 1 per 105 arthroconidia was obtained by varying the germination time prior to cocultivation and altering the bacterium: fungus ratio. This approach requires no special equipment that might complicate biocontainment. Furthermore, transformation does not require digestion of fungal cell walls, further simplifying this procedure. A. tumefaciens-facilitated transformation should make possible the development of tagged mutagenesis and targeted gene disruption technology for C. immitis and perhaps other fungi of medical importance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2106-2110
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2000

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Received 13 December 1999; revised 14 February 2000; electronically published 5 June 2000. Presented in part: 100th annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Los Angeles, 24 May 2000. Financial support: US Department of Veterans Affairs; California Health Care Foundation; Purdue University (grant U.S.D.A. Prime 96-34340-2711). a Present affiliation: College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Reprints or correspondence: Dr. John N. Galgiani, Valley Fever Center for Excellence (1-111), 3601 S. Sixth Ave., Tucson, AZ 85723 (spherule


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