Genetic and functional analyses identify DISC1 as a novel callosal agenesis candidate gene

Nathan Osbun, Jiang Li, Mary C. O'Driscoll, Zoe Strominger, Mari Wakahiro, Eric Rider, Polina Bukshpun, Elena Boland, Cailyn H. Spurrell, Wendy Schackwitz, Len A. Pennacchio, William B. Dobyns, Graeme C.M. Black, Elliott H. Sherr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC) is a congenital brain malformation that occurs in approximately 1:1,000-1:6,000 births. Several syndromes associated with AgCC have been traced to single gene mutations; however, the majority of AgCC causes remain unidentified. We investigated a mother and two children who all shared complete AgCC and a chromosomal deletion at 1q42. We fine mapped this deletion and show that it includes Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia 1 (DISC1), a gene implicated in schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, we report a de novo chromosomal deletion at 1q42.13 to q44, which includes DISC1, in another individual with AgCC. We resequenced DISC1 in a cohort of 144 well-characterized AgCC individuals and identified 20 sequence changes, of which 4 are rare potentially pathogenic variants. Two of these variants were undetected in 768 control chromosomes. One of these is a splice site mutation at the 5' boundary of exon 11 that dramatically reduces full-length mRNA expression of DISC1, but not of shorter forms. We investigated the developmental expression of mouse DISC1 and find that it is highly expressed in the embryonic corpus callosum at a critical time for callosal formation. Taken together our results suggest a significant role for DISC1 in corpus callosum development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1865-1876
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume155
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Agenesis of the corpus callosum
  • DISC1
  • Genetics
  • Schizophrenia

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