Genetic and environmental influences on religiousness: Findings for retrospective and current religiousness ratings

Laura B. Koenig, Matt Mc Gue, Robert Krueger, Thomas J. Bouchard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

119 Scopus citations

Abstract

Estimates of the degree of genetic and environmental influences on religiousness have varied widely. This variation may, in part, be due to age differences in the samples under study. To investigate the heritability of religiousness and possible age changes in this estimate, both current and retrospective religiousness were assessed by self-report in a sample of adult male twins (169 MZ pairs and 104 DZ pairs, mean age of 33 years). Retrospective reports of religiousness showed little correlation difference between MZ (r = .69) and DZ (r = .59) twins. Reports of current religiousness, however, did show larger MZ (r = .62) than DZ (r = .42) similarity. Biometric analysis of the two religiousness ratings revealed that genetic factors were significantly weaker (12% vs. 44%) and shared environmental factors were significantly stronger (56% vs. 18%) in adolescence compared to adulthood. Analysis of internal and external religiousness subscales of the total score revealed similar results. These findings support the hypothesis that the heritability of religiousness increases from adolescence to adulthood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)471-488
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of personality
Volume73
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2005

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