Generation of intensity-tunable structural color from helical photonic crystals for full color reflective-type display

Se Um Kim, Sin Hyung Lee, In Ho Lee, Bo Yeon Lee, Jun Hee Na, Sin Doo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new concept of intensity-tunable structural coloration is proposed on the basis of a helical photonic crystal (HPC). The HPCs are constructed from a mixture of chiral reactive mesogens by spin-coating, followed by the photo-polymerization. A liquid crystal (LC) layer, being homogeneously aligned, is prepared on the HPCs to serve as a tunable waveplate. The electrical modulation of the phase retardation through the LC layer directly leads to the intensity-tunable Bragg reflection from the HPCs upon the incidence of the polarized light. The bandwidths of the structural colors are found to be well preserved regardless of the applied voltage. A prototype of a full color reflective-type display, incorporated with three primary color units, is demonstrated. Our concept of decoupling two mutually independent functions, the intensity modulation by the tunable waveplate and the color reflection by the HPCs provides a simple and powerful way of producing a full color reflective-type display which possesses high color purity, high optical efficiency, the cycling durability, and the design flexibility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13561-13572
Number of pages12
JournalOptics Express
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 14 2018

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