Generation of Human Regulatory Dendritic Cells from Cryopreserved Healthy Donor Cells and Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients

Sabrina M. Scroggins, Annette J. Schlueter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) remains a significant complication following hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), despite improved human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching and advances in prophylactic treatment regimens. Previous studies have shown promising results for future regulatory dendritic cell (DCreg) therapies in the amelioration of GVHD. This study evaluates the effects of cryopreservation on the generation of DCreg, the generation of young and older DCreg in serum-free media, and the feasibility of generating DCreg from young and older HSCT patient monocytes. DCregs were generated in X-vivo 15 serum-free media from donor or patient monocytes. This study includes the use of monocytes from young and older healthy, donor, and HSCT patients with varying hematological diseases. Phenotypic differences in cell populations were assessed via flow cytometry while pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine production was evaluated in culture medium. The number of DCreg generated from cryopreserved monocytes of healthy donors was not significantly different from freshly isolated monocytes. DCreg generated from cryopreserved monocytes had comparable levels of co-stimulatory molecule expression, inhibitory molecule expression, and cytokine production as freshly isolated monocytes. Young and older healthy donor monocytes generated similar numbers of DCreg with similar cytokine production and phenotype. Although monocytes from older HSCT patients generated significantly fewer DCreg, DCreg from young and older HSCT patients had comparable phenotypes and cytokine production. Monocytes from young and older myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients generated reduced numbers of DCreg compared to non-MDS-derived DCreg. We demonstrate that the cryopreservation of monocytes from HSCT patients of varying hematological diseases allows for the cost-effective generation of DCreg on an as-needed basis. Although the generation of DCreg from MDS patients requires further assessment, these data support the possibility of in vitro-generated DCreg as a therapy to reduce GVHD-associated morbidity and mortality in young and older HSCT recipients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2372
JournalCells
Volume12
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • good manufacturing practices (GMPs)
  • graft versus host disease (GVHD)
  • hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (HSCT)
  • human
  • monocytes
  • regulatory dendritic cells (DCreg)

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