Generation of a new γδ T cell-specific monoclonal antibody (GD3.5): Biochemical comparisons of GD3.5 Antigen with the previously described Workshop Cluster 1 (WC1) family

Ward M. Jones, Bruce Walcheck, Mark A. Jutila

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32 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this report, we describe GD3.5, a new lineage-specific γδ T cell marker that is distinct from TCR and known Workshop Cluster 1 (WC1). FACS analysis indicated that GD3.5Ag is expressed on approximately 90% of the peripheral blood γδ T cell population and GD3.5 specifically stained γδ T cells and not αβ T cells, B cells, neutrophils, or monocytes. Also, a significant portion of the GD3.5-positive population was WC1-negative. Nonreducing Western blot analysis and immunoprecipitation experiments revealed a single 220- to 240-kDa glycoprotein recognized by GD3.5 compared with two WC1 bands at 200 kDa and 300 kDa recognized by the IL-A29 Ab. Cross- immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrated that GD3.5 could be immunoprecipitated from lysates cleared of IL-A29/WC1 complexes. Reciprocally, WC1 could be immunoprecipitated from lysates cleared of GD3.5Ab/GD3.5Ag complexes. Digestion of WC1 and GD3.5 Ag with V-8 protease resulted in digestion profiles that clearly distinguished the glycoproteins. Additionally, GD3.5 Ag and WC1 possess disparate sensitivity to PNGase F, O- sialoglycoprotease, and neuraminidase, indicating differences in N- and O- linked sugars and the presence of sialic acid residues. Both GD3.5 Ag and WC1 appeared to be sialomucin-like molecules that share similar O- sialoglycoprotein endopeptidase sensitivity with other cell surface molecules, such as PSGL-1. Lastly, GD3.5 Ag, but not WC1, was exquisitely sensitive to very low-dose chymotrypsin treatment. Therefore, our data suggest that GD3.5 Ag is a previously uncharacterized, lineage-specific γδ T cell Ag. Furthermore, we show that GD3.5 and WC1 are sialomucins, which provides important clues to their function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3772-3779
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume156
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 15 1996

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