Gene transfer efficiency of high primary amine content, hydrophobic, alkyl-oligoamine derivatives of polyethylenimine

Ali Dehshahri, Reza K. Oskuee, Wayne T. Shier, Arash Hatefi, Mohammad Ramezani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, a series of alkyl-oligoamine derivatives of low-toxicity 10 kDa polyethylenimine (PEI) were synthesized to enhance the hydrophobicity of PEI while preserving most of its primary amine content. PEI was reacted with a series of ω-bromoalkylcarboxylic acids with different chain lengths (2-bromoacetic, 6-bromohexanoic, 10-bromodecanoic and 16-bromohexadecanoic acids) to modify hydrophobicity followed by coupling to various oligoamines (spermine, spermidine, ethylendiamine or diethylentriamine) to partially restore primary amine density. These modifications were designed to influence hydrophobic-hydrophilic balance as well as maintain the proton sponge effect in order to create an efficient vector with low toxicity. Ethidium bromide exclusion assays and dynamic light scattering studies showed that the modified PEIs could bind to plasmid DNA and form nanoparticles in the range of 100 nm. The transfection efficiency of modified PEIs complexed with a luciferase reporter gene (pCMV-luc) in N2A murine neuroblastoma cells was increased to a level comparable to that of 25,000 Da PEI. These results indicate that hydrophobic modification of low-toxicity PEI without reduction in primary amine content is an effective strategy for improving transfection efficiency of polycation-based non-viral vectors while maintaining low toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4187-4194
Number of pages8
JournalBiomaterials
Volume30
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

Keywords

  • Buffering capacity
  • Nanoparticle
  • Non-viral gene carrier
  • Oligoamine
  • Polyethylenimine

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