Gene technology in agriculture, environment and biopharming: Beyond Bt-Rice and building better breeding budgets for crops

Mohsin Abbas Zaidi, Jason El Bilali, Adam Gregory Koziol, Tonya L. Ward, George Styles, Trevor J. Greenham, Whitney Michelle Faiella, Hwan Hee Son, Shen Wan, Ibrahim Taga, Illimar Altosaar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Applications of gene technology in agriculture, the environment and human health fields are reviewed. This case study of the intricate historical details of the develop- ment of Bt crops like cotton and rice unveils essential elements of productive funding schemes and effective multinational collaborations. Gene technology applied to pest resistance traits in global cotton is analyzed using nation- specific data from India to demonstrate ‘ricochet’ results: Regulatory approval for one crop catalyzes an ‘Enhancer Effect’ for promoting more research funding and more com- petitive results for other crops-in-waiting, namely rice. Just as cotton commerce promoted philanthropy in unpredictable situations like the Kreenholm dynasty of Ludwig Knoop, research budgets for pesticide and biocide technology have yielded intended effects, but several surprising unintended effects as well. Finally, the case is made for greater control of gene flow and identity preserve issues in plant biotech- nology research by invoking Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée for Bt genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S2-S9
JournalJournal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume21
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Bacillus thuringiensis
  • Bikaneri Narma
  • Bt
  • Bt-cotton
  • Cry1Ab
  • Crystalline insecticidal protein
  • Entomocidal protein
  • Freedom to operate
  • Intellectual property rights
  • Kreenholm
  • Material transfer agreement
  • Mycotoxin reduction
  • Ricochet funding effect
  • Unintended effects

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