Gene profiling changes in cytoskeletal proteins during clinical recovery after left ventricular-assist device support

Emma J. Birks, Jennifer L Hall, Paul J.R. Barton, Suzanne Grindle, Najma Latif, James P. Hardy, James E. Rider, Nicholas R. Banner, Asghar Khaghani, Leslie W. Miller, Magdi H. Yacoub

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82 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - After left ventricular-assist device (LVAD) support, a proportion of patients recover sufficient ventricular function to enable explantation of the device. The exact molecular mechanisms involved in myocardial recovery remain unknown. Cytoskeletal proteins are essential for the structure and function of the cardiac myocyte and might play a major role. Methods and Results - A total of 15 patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy who required LVAD implantation were studied; 6 recovered sufficiently to allow explantation of the device compared with 9 who did not recover and required transplantation. LV myocardial samples were collected at implantation and explantation/transplantation. Affymetrix microarray analysis was performed on the paired samples and analyzed with reference to sarcomeric and nonsarcomeric cytoskeletal proteins. In the recovery group, of the nonsarcomeric proteins, lamin A/C increased 1.5-fold (P<0.05) and spectrin 1.6-fold (P<0.05) between the times of implantation and explantation. Integrins β1, β6, and α7 decreased 1.7-fold (P<0.05), 2.4-fold (P<0.05), and 1.5-fold (P<0.05), respectively, but integrins α5 and β5 increased 2.3-fold (P<0.01) and 1.2-fold (P<0.01) at explantation. The following sarcomeric proteins changed in the recovered group only: β-actin increased 1.4-fold (P<0.05); α-tropomyosin, 1.3-fold (P<0.05); α1-actinin, 1.8-fold (P<0.01); and α-filamin A, 1.6-fold (P<0.05). Both troponin T3 and α2-actinin decreased by 1.6-fold at the time of explantation (P<0.05). Vinculin decreased 1.7-fold (P=0.001) in the recovered group but increased by 1.7-fold (P<0.05) in the nonrecovered group. Vinculin protein levels decreased 4.1-fold in the recovered group. Conclusions - Myocardial recovery was associated with a specific pattern of changes in sarcomeric, nonsarcomeric, and membrane-associated proteins, which could have important implications in understanding the mechanisms involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)I57-I64
JournalCirculation
Volume112
Issue number9 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 30 2005

Keywords

  • Genes
  • Heart failure
  • Heart-assist device
  • Myocardial contraction
  • Remodeling

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