Gendered Expectations: Do They Contribute to High Burnout Among Female Physicians?

Mark Linzer, Eileen Harwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Patients have differing expectations of female versus male physicians. Female patients tend to seek more empathic listening and longer visits, especially with female physicians; however, female doctors are not provided more time for this. Female doctors have more female patients than male doctors, and more patients with psychosocial complexity. We propose that gender differences in patient panels and gendered expectations of female physicians may contribute to the high rate of burnout among female clinicians, as well as to the many female physicians working part-time to reduce stress in their work lives. We propose several mechanisms for addressing this, including brief increments in visit time (20, 30 and 40 min), staff awareness, training in patient expectations during medical school, adjusting for patient gender in compensation plans, and co-locating behavioral medicine specialists in primary care settings. Beneficial outcomes could include fewer malpractice suits, greater patient satisfaction, higher quality care, and lower burnout among female physicians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)963-965
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of general internal medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Society of General Internal Medicine.


  • burnout
  • disparities
  • patient satisfaction
  • physician behavior
  • psychosocial


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