Gender, smoking expectancies, and readiness to quit among urban African American smokers

Kim M. Pulvers, Delwyn Catley, Kolawole Okuyemi, Monica Scheibmeir, Kevin McCarter, Shawn K. Jeffries, Jasjit S. Ahluwalia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The relationship between smoking expectancies and readiness to quit as well as gender differences in expectancies and readiness to quit was examined among 484 urban African American smokers. Univariate analyses revealed that higher positive expectancies were generally associated with less readiness to quit and higher negative expectancies were associated with greater readiness to quit. A multivariable model indicated that stimulation/state enhancement, taste/sensorimotor manipulation, and weight control were most strongly related to intention to quit. Although men and women did not differ on readiness to quit, women reported higher scores on the negative affect reduction subscale than did men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1259-1263
Number of pages5
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004

Keywords

  • African American
  • Gender
  • Smoking
  • Smoking expectancies
  • Stages of change

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