Gender and Ethnic Differences in Young Adults’ Emotional Reactions to Parental Punitive and Minimizing Emotion Socialization Practices

Nicole B. Perry, Esther M. Leerkes, Angel S. Dunbar, Alyson M. Cavanaugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined differences in how African American and European American participants (N = 553) recalled feeling when their parents engaged in punitive and minimizing emotion socialization practices during childhood. We conducted this study to replicate and extend previous empirical work by using a more generalizable sample containing both male and female participants and by asking participants to report separately on their mothers and fathers. Results indicated that African American participants reported feeling less hurt and ashamed than European American participants when their mothers and fathers engaged in punitive and minimizing practices. African American participants also reported feeling more loved than European American participants when mothers engaged in punitive and minimizing practices. In addition, gender differences suggested that women feel more hurt and less loved than men when both mothers and fathers engaged in punitive and minimizing emotion socialization behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-92
Number of pages10
JournalEmerging Adulthood
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, © 2016 Society for the Study of Emerging Adulthood and SAGE Publications.

Keywords

  • affect
  • emotion socialization
  • ethnic differences
  • gender differences

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