Gata6 restricts Isl1 to the posterior of nascent hindlimb buds through Isl1 cis-regulatory modules

Naoyuki Tahara, Ryutaro Akiyama, Joshua W.M. Theisen, Hiroko Kawakami, Julia Wong, Daniel J Garry, Yasuhiko Kawakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Isl1 is required for two processes during hindlimb development: initiation of the processes directing hindlimb development in the lateral plate mesoderm and configuring posterior hindlimb field in the nascent hindlimb buds. During these processes, Isl1 expression is restricted to the posterior mesenchyme of hindlimb buds. How this dynamic change in Isl1 expression is regulated remains unknown. We found that two evolutionarily conserved sequences, located 3’ to the Isl1 gene, regulate LacZ transgene expression in the hindlimb-forming region in mouse embryos. Both sequences contain GATA binding motifs, and expression pattern analysis identified that Gata6 is expressed in the flank and the anterior portion of nascent hindlimb buds. Recent studies have shown that conditional inactivation of Gata6 in mice causes hindlimb-specific pre-axial polydactyly, indicating a role of Gata6 in anterior-posterior patterning of hindlimbs. We studied whether Gata6 restricts Isl1 in the nascent hindlimb bud through the cis-regulatory modules. In vitro experiments demonstrate that GATA6 binds to the conserved GATA motifs in the cis-regulatory modules. GATA6 repressed expression of a luciferase reporter that contains the cis-regulatory modules by synergizing with Zfpm2. Analyses of Gata6 mutant embryos showed that ISL1 levels are higher in the anterior of nascent hindlimb buds than in wild type. Moreover, we detected a greater number of Isl1-transcribing cells in the anterior of nascent hindlimb buds in Gata6 mutants. Our results support a model in which Gata6 contributes to repression of Isl1 expression in the anterior of nascent hindlimb buds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-83
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopmental Biology
Volume434
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

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Hindlimb
Mesoderm
Embryonic Structures
Polydactyly
Lac Operon
Conserved Sequence
Luciferases
Transgenes

Keywords

  • Gata6
  • Hindlimb buds
  • Isl1
  • Transcriptional regulation

Cite this

Gata6 restricts Isl1 to the posterior of nascent hindlimb buds through Isl1 cis-regulatory modules. / Tahara, Naoyuki; Akiyama, Ryutaro; Theisen, Joshua W.M.; Kawakami, Hiroko; Wong, Julia; Garry, Daniel J; Kawakami, Yasuhiko.

In: Developmental Biology, Vol. 434, No. 1, 01.02.2018, p. 74-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tahara, Naoyuki ; Akiyama, Ryutaro ; Theisen, Joshua W.M. ; Kawakami, Hiroko ; Wong, Julia ; Garry, Daniel J ; Kawakami, Yasuhiko. / Gata6 restricts Isl1 to the posterior of nascent hindlimb buds through Isl1 cis-regulatory modules. In: Developmental Biology. 2018 ; Vol. 434, No. 1. pp. 74-83.
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