Gastrointestinal stability of dihydromyricetin, myricetin, and myricitrin: an in vitro investigation

Dong Xiang, Chen Guang Wang, Wen Qing Wang, Chun Yang Shi, Wei Xiong, Meng Die Wang, Jian Guo Fang

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75 Scopus citations


The gastrointestinal (GI) stability of three flavonoids, dihydromyricetin (DMY), myricetin (MYR), and myricitrin (MYT), was examined in simulated physiological fluids. Several factors that may influence the degradation rate of theses flavonoids were evaluated, including pH and the presence of pepsin and pancreatin enzymes. We found that GI stability followed the order of MYT > DMY > MYR. These flavonoids were stable in simulated gastric fluids and buffer solutions (pH 1.2), but encountered a pseudo-first-order kinetic degradation in simulated intestinal fluids and buffer solutions (pH 6.8). We conclude that it is the pH, rather than the presence of pepsin or pancreatin, which most strongly influences the stability of these three flavonoids. Further study of the stability of the compounds using a pH range (1.0–8.0) indicated potential instability in the duodenum, small intestine, and colon. Therefore, we conclude that the low bioavailability of these flavonoids may be due to their poor stability in the GI tract.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)704-711
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 18 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work described in this paper was supported by grants from National Natural Science Foundation of China [grant No. 81503013].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Flavonoids
  • dihydromyricetin
  • gastrointestinal stability
  • myricetin
  • myricitrin


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