Background Vertical gastric plication is a novel surgical approach for reducing the stomach capacity. Anterior surface plication and greater curvature plication are variations of vertical gastric plication that reduce the gastric capacity through infolding of the anterior surface or greater curvature of the stomach, respectively. These approaches have been tested, with positive results in a small number of preclinical and clinical trials. A key step toward greater investigation of vertical gastric plication as a viable bariatric procedure would be confirmation that the apposed serosal tissues can be securely and durably bonded. We compared the short-term durability of gastric plications and serosal bonds using a variety of fastening devices and techniques in a university hospital and private company setting. Methods A total of 30 anterior surface plication and 8 greater curvature plication procedures were performed using an open or a laparoscopic surgical technique in 38 hound dogs. The fastening devices used were T-tags, buttressed T-tags, 2 types of suture, and 4 types of staple-based fasteners. The density of the fastening devices was varied among the dogs. With 3 exceptions (2 in keeping with the study design and 1 due to complications), the dogs were followed up for 8 weeks. Histologic examinations and tensile testing were performed postmortem. Results All fastening devices created durable plication folds, except for 1 technique. The only technique that did not produce durable serosa-to-serosa adhesions was a staple/suture combination. Intentional abrasion of the apposed sites had no demonstrable effect on the bonds between the tissues in any group. Increasing the fastener density and number of rows increased the adhesions within the folds. Conclusion Our findings have confirmed the short-term durability and development of dense fibrous appositions of the serosal folds for fastening approaches that create fixed serosal apposition. Additional studies are needed to identify the optimal fastening modality for anterior surface plication, greater curvature plication, and, ultimately, clinical applications of this procedure.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was funded by Ethicon Endo-Surgery. H. Buchwald was a consultant to Ethicon Endo-Surgery; J. L. Harris, S. E. Thompson, and M. Mootoo are employees of Ethicon Endo-Surgery.
- Anterior surface plication
- Bariatric surgery
- Gastric volume reduction
- Greater curvature plication
- Serosal apposition
- Vertical gastric plication