Gasification technologies and their energy potentials

Yaning Zhang, Yunlei Cui, Paul Chen, Shiyu Liu, Nan Zhou, Kuan Ding, Liangliang Fan, Peng Peng, Min Min, Yanling Cheng, Yunpu Wang, Yiqin Wan, Yuhuan Liu, Bingxi Li, Roger Ruan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

Energy densified gaseous fuels (i.e., syngas, producer gas, product gas, synthetic gas, or synthesis gas) obtained from raw solid fuel are generally more efficient, versatile, and easily controllable than the raw solid fuel, and the used combustion units are simpler. Gasification technologies, therefore, attract significant attention all over the world. This chapter gives an up-to-date knowledge of gasification technologies and their energy potentials. After the thermochemical technologies, i.e., liquefaction, carbonization, combustion, pyrolysis, and gasification, are introduced, biomass gasification technologies are detailed, and these include air gasification, oxygen gasification, steam gasification, hydrogen gasification, carbon dioxide gasification, and combined gasification. Energy potentials of these gasification technologies are then discussed by presenting the cold gasification efficiencies. Some conclusions and future outlook regarding the gasification technologies are also presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSustainable Resource Recovery and Zero Waste Approaches
PublisherElsevier
Pages193-206
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780444642004
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Cold gasification efficiency
  • Energy potential
  • Gasification
  • Thermochemical

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