Gas identification with graphene plasmons

Hai Hu, Xiaoxia Yang, Xiangdong Guo, Kaveh Khaliji, Sudipta Romen Biswas, F. Javier García de Abajo, Tony Low, Zhipei Sun, Qing Dai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations


Identification of gas molecules plays a key role a wide range of applications extending from healthcare to security. However, the most widely used gas nano-sensors are based on electrical approaches or refractive index sensing, which typically are unable to identify molecular species. Here, we report label-free identification of gas molecules SO 2 , NO 2 , N 2 O, and NO by detecting their rotational-vibrational modes using graphene plasmon. The detected signal corresponds to a gas molecule layer adsorbed on the graphene surface with a concentration of 800 zeptomole per μm 2 , which is made possible by the strong field confinement of graphene plasmons and high physisorption of gas molecules on the graphene nanoribbons. We further demonstrate a fast response time (<1 min) of our devices, which enables real-time monitoring of gaseous chemical reactions. The demonstration and understanding of gas molecule identification using graphene plasmonic nanostructures open the door to various emerging applications, including in-breath diagnostics and monitoring of volatile organic compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1131
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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