Gamma-Ray Observations of Tycho's Supernova Remnant with VERITAS and Fermi

S. Archambault, A. Archer, W. Benbow, R. Bird, E. Bourbeau, M. Buchovecky, J. H. Buckley, V. Bugaev, M. Cerruti, M. P. Connolly, W. Cui, V. V. Dwarkadas, M. Errando, A. Falcone, Q. Feng, J. P. Finley, H. Fleischhack, L. Fortson, A. Furniss, S. GriffinM. Hütten, D. Hanna, J. Holder, C. A. Johnson, P. Kaaret, P. Kar, N. Kelley-Hoskins, M. Kertzman, D. Kieda, M. Krause, S. Kumar, M. J. Lang, G. Maier, S. McArthur, A. McCann, P. Moriarty, R. Mukherjee, D. Nieto, S. O'Brien, R. A. Ong, A. N. Otte, N. Park, M. Pohl, A. Popkow, E. Pueschel, J. Quinn, K. Ragan, P. T. Reynolds, G. T. Richards, E. Roache, I. Sadeh, M. Santander, G. H. Sembroski, K. Shahinyan, P. Slane, D. Staszak, I. Telezhinsky, S. Trepanier, J. Tyler, S. P. Wakely, A. Weinstein, T. Weisgarber, P. Wilcox, A. Wilhelm, D. A. Williams, B. Zitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-energy gamma-ray emission from supernova remnants (SNRs) has provided a unique perspective for studies of Galactic cosmic-ray acceleration. Tycho's SNR is a particularly good target because it is a young, type Ia SNR that has been well-studied over a wide range of energies and located in a relatively clean environment. Since the detection of gamma-ray emission from Tycho's SNR by VERITAS and Fermi-LAT, there have been several theoretical models proposed to explain its broadband emission and high-energy morphology. We report on an update to the gamma-ray measurements of Tycho's SNR with 147 hr of VERITAS and 84 months of Fermi-LAT observations, which represent about a factor of two increase in exposure over previously published data. About half of the VERITAS data benefited from a camera upgrade, which has made it possible to extend the TeV measurements toward lower energies. The TeV spectral index measured by VERITAS is consistent with previous results, but the expanded energy range softens a straight power-law fit. At energies higher than 400 GeV, the power-law index is 2.92 ±0.42stat ±0.20sys. It is also softer than the spectral index in the GeV energy range, 2.14 ±0.09stat ±0.02sys, measured in this study using Fermi-LAT data. The centroid position of the gamma-ray emission is coincident with the center of the remnant, as well as with the centroid measurement of Fermi-LAT above 1 GeV. The results are consistent with an SNR shell origin of the emission, as many models assume. The updated spectrum points to a lower maximum particle energy than has been suggested previously.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number23
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume836
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 2017

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supernova remnants
gamma rays
energy
centroids
power law
particle energy
cosmic ray
cameras
broadband
shell
index

Keywords

  • gamma rays: stars
  • supernovae: individual (Tychos SNR)

Cite this

Archambault, S., Archer, A., Benbow, W., Bird, R., Bourbeau, E., Buchovecky, M., ... Zitzer, B. (2017). Gamma-Ray Observations of Tycho's Supernova Remnant with VERITAS and Fermi. Astrophysical Journal, 836(1), [23]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/836/1/23

Gamma-Ray Observations of Tycho's Supernova Remnant with VERITAS and Fermi. / Archambault, S.; Archer, A.; Benbow, W.; Bird, R.; Bourbeau, E.; Buchovecky, M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V.; Cerruti, M.; Connolly, M. P.; Cui, W.; Dwarkadas, V. V.; Errando, M.; Falcone, A.; Feng, Q.; Finley, J. P.; Fleischhack, H.; Fortson, L.; Furniss, A.; Griffin, S.; Hütten, M.; Hanna, D.; Holder, J.; Johnson, C. A.; Kaaret, P.; Kar, P.; Kelley-Hoskins, N.; Kertzman, M.; Kieda, D.; Krause, M.; Kumar, S.; Lang, M. J.; Maier, G.; McArthur, S.; McCann, A.; Moriarty, P.; Mukherjee, R.; Nieto, D.; O'Brien, S.; Ong, R. A.; Otte, A. N.; Park, N.; Pohl, M.; Popkow, A.; Pueschel, E.; Quinn, J.; Ragan, K.; Reynolds, P. T.; Richards, G. T.; Roache, E.; Sadeh, I.; Santander, M.; Sembroski, G. H.; Shahinyan, K.; Slane, P.; Staszak, D.; Telezhinsky, I.; Trepanier, S.; Tyler, J.; Wakely, S. P.; Weinstein, A.; Weisgarber, T.; Wilcox, P.; Wilhelm, A.; Williams, D. A.; Zitzer, B.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 836, No. 1, 23, 10.02.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Archambault, S, Archer, A, Benbow, W, Bird, R, Bourbeau, E, Buchovecky, M, Buckley, JH, Bugaev, V, Cerruti, M, Connolly, MP, Cui, W, Dwarkadas, VV, Errando, M, Falcone, A, Feng, Q, Finley, JP, Fleischhack, H, Fortson, L, Furniss, A, Griffin, S, Hütten, M, Hanna, D, Holder, J, Johnson, CA, Kaaret, P, Kar, P, Kelley-Hoskins, N, Kertzman, M, Kieda, D, Krause, M, Kumar, S, Lang, MJ, Maier, G, McArthur, S, McCann, A, Moriarty, P, Mukherjee, R, Nieto, D, O'Brien, S, Ong, RA, Otte, AN, Park, N, Pohl, M, Popkow, A, Pueschel, E, Quinn, J, Ragan, K, Reynolds, PT, Richards, GT, Roache, E, Sadeh, I, Santander, M, Sembroski, GH, Shahinyan, K, Slane, P, Staszak, D, Telezhinsky, I, Trepanier, S, Tyler, J, Wakely, SP, Weinstein, A, Weisgarber, T, Wilcox, P, Wilhelm, A, Williams, DA & Zitzer, B 2017, 'Gamma-Ray Observations of Tycho's Supernova Remnant with VERITAS and Fermi', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 836, no. 1, 23. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/836/1/23
Archambault S, Archer A, Benbow W, Bird R, Bourbeau E, Buchovecky M et al. Gamma-Ray Observations of Tycho's Supernova Remnant with VERITAS and Fermi. Astrophysical Journal. 2017 Feb 10;836(1). 23. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/836/1/23
Archambault, S. ; Archer, A. ; Benbow, W. ; Bird, R. ; Bourbeau, E. ; Buchovecky, M. ; Buckley, J. H. ; Bugaev, V. ; Cerruti, M. ; Connolly, M. P. ; Cui, W. ; Dwarkadas, V. V. ; Errando, M. ; Falcone, A. ; Feng, Q. ; Finley, J. P. ; Fleischhack, H. ; Fortson, L. ; Furniss, A. ; Griffin, S. ; Hütten, M. ; Hanna, D. ; Holder, J. ; Johnson, C. A. ; Kaaret, P. ; Kar, P. ; Kelley-Hoskins, N. ; Kertzman, M. ; Kieda, D. ; Krause, M. ; Kumar, S. ; Lang, M. J. ; Maier, G. ; McArthur, S. ; McCann, A. ; Moriarty, P. ; Mukherjee, R. ; Nieto, D. ; O'Brien, S. ; Ong, R. A. ; Otte, A. N. ; Park, N. ; Pohl, M. ; Popkow, A. ; Pueschel, E. ; Quinn, J. ; Ragan, K. ; Reynolds, P. T. ; Richards, G. T. ; Roache, E. ; Sadeh, I. ; Santander, M. ; Sembroski, G. H. ; Shahinyan, K. ; Slane, P. ; Staszak, D. ; Telezhinsky, I. ; Trepanier, S. ; Tyler, J. ; Wakely, S. P. ; Weinstein, A. ; Weisgarber, T. ; Wilcox, P. ; Wilhelm, A. ; Williams, D. A. ; Zitzer, B. / Gamma-Ray Observations of Tycho's Supernova Remnant with VERITAS and Fermi. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 836, No. 1.
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T1 - Gamma-Ray Observations of Tycho's Supernova Remnant with VERITAS and Fermi

AU - Archambault, S.

AU - Archer, A.

AU - Benbow, W.

AU - Bird, R.

AU - Bourbeau, E.

AU - Buchovecky, M.

AU - Buckley, J. H.

AU - Bugaev, V.

AU - Cerruti, M.

AU - Connolly, M. P.

AU - Cui, W.

AU - Dwarkadas, V. V.

AU - Errando, M.

AU - Falcone, A.

AU - Feng, Q.

AU - Finley, J. P.

AU - Fleischhack, H.

AU - Fortson, L.

AU - Furniss, A.

AU - Griffin, S.

AU - Hütten, M.

AU - Hanna, D.

AU - Holder, J.

AU - Johnson, C. A.

AU - Kaaret, P.

AU - Kar, P.

AU - Kelley-Hoskins, N.

AU - Kertzman, M.

AU - Kieda, D.

AU - Krause, M.

AU - Kumar, S.

AU - Lang, M. J.

AU - Maier, G.

AU - McArthur, S.

AU - McCann, A.

AU - Moriarty, P.

AU - Mukherjee, R.

AU - Nieto, D.

AU - O'Brien, S.

AU - Ong, R. A.

AU - Otte, A. N.

AU - Park, N.

AU - Pohl, M.

AU - Popkow, A.

AU - Pueschel, E.

AU - Quinn, J.

AU - Ragan, K.

AU - Reynolds, P. T.

AU - Richards, G. T.

AU - Roache, E.

AU - Sadeh, I.

AU - Santander, M.

AU - Sembroski, G. H.

AU - Shahinyan, K.

AU - Slane, P.

AU - Staszak, D.

AU - Telezhinsky, I.

AU - Trepanier, S.

AU - Tyler, J.

AU - Wakely, S. P.

AU - Weinstein, A.

AU - Weisgarber, T.

AU - Wilcox, P.

AU - Wilhelm, A.

AU - Williams, D. A.

AU - Zitzer, B.

PY - 2017/2/10

Y1 - 2017/2/10

N2 - High-energy gamma-ray emission from supernova remnants (SNRs) has provided a unique perspective for studies of Galactic cosmic-ray acceleration. Tycho's SNR is a particularly good target because it is a young, type Ia SNR that has been well-studied over a wide range of energies and located in a relatively clean environment. Since the detection of gamma-ray emission from Tycho's SNR by VERITAS and Fermi-LAT, there have been several theoretical models proposed to explain its broadband emission and high-energy morphology. We report on an update to the gamma-ray measurements of Tycho's SNR with 147 hr of VERITAS and 84 months of Fermi-LAT observations, which represent about a factor of two increase in exposure over previously published data. About half of the VERITAS data benefited from a camera upgrade, which has made it possible to extend the TeV measurements toward lower energies. The TeV spectral index measured by VERITAS is consistent with previous results, but the expanded energy range softens a straight power-law fit. At energies higher than 400 GeV, the power-law index is 2.92 ±0.42stat ±0.20sys. It is also softer than the spectral index in the GeV energy range, 2.14 ±0.09stat ±0.02sys, measured in this study using Fermi-LAT data. The centroid position of the gamma-ray emission is coincident with the center of the remnant, as well as with the centroid measurement of Fermi-LAT above 1 GeV. The results are consistent with an SNR shell origin of the emission, as many models assume. The updated spectrum points to a lower maximum particle energy than has been suggested previously.

AB - High-energy gamma-ray emission from supernova remnants (SNRs) has provided a unique perspective for studies of Galactic cosmic-ray acceleration. Tycho's SNR is a particularly good target because it is a young, type Ia SNR that has been well-studied over a wide range of energies and located in a relatively clean environment. Since the detection of gamma-ray emission from Tycho's SNR by VERITAS and Fermi-LAT, there have been several theoretical models proposed to explain its broadband emission and high-energy morphology. We report on an update to the gamma-ray measurements of Tycho's SNR with 147 hr of VERITAS and 84 months of Fermi-LAT observations, which represent about a factor of two increase in exposure over previously published data. About half of the VERITAS data benefited from a camera upgrade, which has made it possible to extend the TeV measurements toward lower energies. The TeV spectral index measured by VERITAS is consistent with previous results, but the expanded energy range softens a straight power-law fit. At energies higher than 400 GeV, the power-law index is 2.92 ±0.42stat ±0.20sys. It is also softer than the spectral index in the GeV energy range, 2.14 ±0.09stat ±0.02sys, measured in this study using Fermi-LAT data. The centroid position of the gamma-ray emission is coincident with the center of the remnant, as well as with the centroid measurement of Fermi-LAT above 1 GeV. The results are consistent with an SNR shell origin of the emission, as many models assume. The updated spectrum points to a lower maximum particle energy than has been suggested previously.

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KW - supernovae: individual (Tychos SNR)

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