Cultured amniotic fluid cells, which are used for HLA typing studies for the prenatal diagnosis of HLA linked diseases and for prenatal determination of paternity, usually contain mixtures of fibroblastic and epithelioid cells. Cells of both types lack constitutive expression of HLA class II antigens, but these can be induced by pretreatment with gamma interferon. Both serological and functional studies indicate that detectable levels of DR and DP but not DQ antigens can be thereby induced. DR and DP cannot, however, be induced on chorionic villus cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Apr 1988|