Gambling and Personality Dimensions

Brian L. Odlaug, Samuel R. Chamberlain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Gambling dates back to ancient times, yet new arenas for gambling, such as the Internet, and methods of assessing psychiatric illness in the modern age have shifted our understanding of gambling as an addiction. Accordingly, Gambling Disorder is now a part of the Addictive Disorders in the DSM-5, which has further catalyzed a debate over the contribution of personality traits (rather than just personality disorders) to the manifestation and maintenance of psychiatric conditions such as Gambling Disorder. This selective review considers relationships between gambling and personality traits. The possible existence of distinct subtypes of Gambling Disorder, defined via personality traits, is highlighted, along with consideration of whether objective neurocognitive markers could serve as proxy markers of ‘personality’ more amenable to scientific dissection rather than relying on questionnaire-based measures alone. The clinical utility of subtyping and future areas of research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a research grant from the Trichotillomania Learning Center to Mr. Odlaug. Mr. Odlaug has received a research grant from the Trichotillomania Learning Center, has consulted for Lundbeck Pharmaceuticals, and has received honoraria and royalties from Oxford University Press. Dr. Chamberlain has consulted for Cambridge Cognition, P1Vital, and Shire Pharmaceuticals; and has received speaker honoraria from Lilly.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013, Springer International Publishing AG.

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Cognition
  • Compulsivity
  • Dimensions
  • Gambling disorder
  • Impulsivity
  • Personality
  • Self-regulation


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