Allergic inflammation involves the mobilization and trafficking of eosinophils to sites of inflammation. Galectin-3 (Gal-3) has been shown to play a critical role in eosinophil recruitment and airway allergic inflammation in vivo. The role played by Gal-3 in human eosinophil trafficking was investigated. Eosinophils from allergic donors expressed elevated levels of Gal-3 and demonstrated significantly increased rolling and firm adhesion on immobilized VCAM-1 and, more surprisingly, on Gal-3 under conditions of flow. Inhibition studies with specific mAbs as well as lactose demonstrated that: 1) eosinophil-expressed Gal-3 mediates rolling and adhesion on VCAM-1; 2) α4 integrin mediates eosinophil rolling on immobilized Gal-3; and 3) eosinophil-expressed Gal-3 interacts with immobilized Gal-3 through the carbohydrate recognition domain of Gal-3 during eosinophil trafficking. These findings were further confirmed using inflamed endothelial cells. Interestingly, Gal-3 was found to bind to α4 integrin by ELISA, and the two molecules exhibited colocalized expression on the cell surface of eosinophils from allergic donors. These findings suggest that Gal-3 functions as a cell surface adhesion molecule to support eosinophil rolling and adhesion under conditions of flow.