Galactic outflows, star formation histories, and time-scales in starburst dwarf galaxies from STARBIRDS

Kristen B.W. McQuinn, Evan D. Skillman, Taryn N. Heilman, Noah P. Mitchell, Tyler Kelley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Winds are predicted to be ubiquitous in low-mass, actively star-forming galaxies. Observationally, winds have been detected in relatively few local dwarf galaxies, with even fewer constraints placed on their time-scales. Here, we compare galactic outflows traced by diffuse, soft X-ray emission from Chandra Space Telescope archival observations to the star formation histories derived from Hubble Space Telescope imaging of the resolved stellar populations in six starburst dwarfs. We constrain the longevity of a wind to have an upper limit of 25 Myr based on galaxies whose starburst activity has already declined, although a larger sample is needed to confirm this result. We find an average 16 per cent efficiency for converting the mechanical energy of stellar feedback to thermal, soft X-ray emission on the 25 Myr time-scale, somewhat higher than simulations predict. The outflows have likely been sustained for timescales comparable to the duration of the starbursts (i.e. 100s Myr), after taking into account the time for the development and cessation of the wind. The wind time-scales imply that material is driven to larger distances in the circumgalactic medium than estimated by assuming short, 5-10 Myr starburst durations, and that less material is recycled back to the host galaxy on short time-scales. In the detected outflows, the expelled hot gas shows various morphologies that are not consistent with a simple biconical outflow structure. The sample and analysis are part of a larger program, the STARBurst IRregular Dwarf Survey (STARBIRDS), aimed at understanding the life cycle and impact of starburst activity in low-mass systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3164-3177
Number of pages14
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.


  • Galaxies: Dwarf
  • Galaxies: Evolution
  • ISM: Jets and outflows
  • X-rays: ISM


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