The objective of this study was to measure three-dimensional knee motion during gait in patients with total knee replacements which either retained the posterior cruciate ligament (n = 11), or required sacrifice of the posterior cruciate ligament and replacement of its function with a posterior stabilizing articular surface (n = 9). Clinically meaningful translations (anterior and posterior, medial and lateral, proximal and distal) and rotations (flexion and extension, internal and external rotation, abduction and adduction) were measured using an instrumented spatial linkage. Although patients from both groups were able to achieve passive full extension and a minimum of 95°flexion, some of their translations and rotations during free speed walking were consistently less than those in a group of healthy controls. Motion during the swing phase of gait was similar for both knee replacement groups. However, abduction and adduction and proximal and distal translation were larger (but neither difference was significant) for the patients with implants with a posterior stabilizing surface, which suggests that the stabilizing surface may not reliably provide as much stability in these directions as does retention of the posterior cruciate ligament.
- Gait analysis
- Posterior cruciate ligament retention
- Posterior cruciate ligament substitution
- Total knee arthroplasty