Fundamentals-based risk measurement in valuation

Alexander Nekrasov, Pervin K. Shroff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations


We propose a methodology to incorporate risk measures based on economic fundamentals directly into the valuation model. Fundamentals-based risk adjustment in the residual income valuation model is captured by the covariance of ROE with market-wide factors. We demonstrate a method of estimating covariance risk out of sample based on the accounting beta and betas of size and book-to-market factors in earnings. We show how the covariance risk estimate can be transformed to obtain the fundamentals-based cost of equity. Our empirical analysis shows that value estimates based on fundamental risk adjustment produce significantly smaller deviations from price relative to the CAPM or the Fama-French three-factor model. We further find that our single-factor risk measure, based on the accounting beta alone, captures aspects of risk that are indicated by the book-to-market factor, largely accounting for the "mispricing" of value and growth stocks. Our study highlights the usefulness of accounting numbers in pricing risk beyond their role as trackers of returns-based measures of risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1983-2011
Number of pages29
JournalAccounting Review
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009


  • Accounting beta
  • Cost of capital
  • Covariance risk
  • Value-growth anomaly

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