Functionalization of polyesters with maleic anhydride by reactive extrusion

R. Mani, M. Bhattacharya, J. Tang

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Maleic anhydride (MAn) was grafted onto aliphatic and aromatic/aliphatic copolyesters by reactive extrusion in the presence of a free radical initiator using a twin-screw extruder. The grafting reaction was confirmed by spectroscopic analyses. The presence of succinic anhydride groups was shown by FT-IR spectroscopy, and NMR spectra indicate that the grafts consist of single succinic anhydride units. The 2D 1H-NMR spectra (COSY) indicate that grafting reactions take place at aliphatic dicarboxylic acid units of copolyesters. The graft content was determined by a nonaqueous titration method. The effects of concentration of initiator and monomer and reaction temperature on the graft content and intrinsic viscosity were studied. The low percentage grafting in poly(lactic acid) was observed due to the presence of limited free radical sites in the polymer backbone. Temperature and monomer and initiator concentrations affect the graft content, and the desired graft content with minimal degradation can be obtained by controlling these factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1693-1702
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 1 1999


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