Functional septorhinoplasty in the pediatric and adolescent patient

Jennifer C. Fuller, Patricia A. Levesque, Robin W. Lindsay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To describe pediatric and adolescent patients undergoing functional septorhinoplasty and to analyze both subjective and objective outcomes. Methods: Retrospective review of prospective cohort study of patients ≤18 years old undergoing functional septorhinoplasty between 2013 and 2016 at a tertiary care center. Patient demographics, nasal exam, procedure, and pre- and postoperative nasal obstruction symptom evaluation (NOSE) score, EuroQOL 5-dimension (EQ5D), and peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) scores were analyzed. Results: 39 patients, 48.7% male, mean age 15.9 years (range 7–18), with nasal obstruction underwent functional septorhinoplasty with mean follow up of 8.5 months. Patients reported a history of allergies (46.5%), nasal fracture (59.0%), and previous nasal surgery (25.6%). Most common exam findings included internal nasal valve narrowing (92.3%), superior/dorsal septal deviation (74.4%), external nasal valve narrowing (43.6%), caudal septal deviation (35.9%), and a narrow middle vault (33.3%). Septal cartilage grafts were placed in 79.5% of patients and PDS plate was used in 28.2%. Most common procedures included spreader grafts (84.6%), columellar strut graft (30.8%), and swinging door (23.1%). Of patients with both baseline and postoperative scores, at last follow up NOSE scores (SD) decreased from 59.0 (23.7) to 21.2 (8.8) (n = 26, p < 0.001), EQ5D VAS scores increased from 76.2 (17.7) to 85.8 (13.5), (n = 19, p = 0.056), and PNIF scores increased from 66.2 (25.3) to 90.8 (46) L/min, (n = 13, p < 0.01); all mean differences met the minimal clinically important difference for each score. 2 patients underwent revision surgery and there was one complication of a nasal abscess. Conclusions: Functional septorhinoplasty is safe and effective in select pediatric and adolescent patients with significant nasal obstruction and results in significant improvements in both subjective and objective outcomes measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-102
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume111
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2018

Keywords

  • NOSE
  • Peak nasal inspiratory flow
  • Pediatric
  • Quality of life
  • Septorhinoplasty

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