Functional recovery and exercise behavior in men and women 5 to 6 years following Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery

Diane Treat-Jacobson, Ruth A. Lindquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Improvement following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has been reported to be less in women than men. Relationships between exercise behavior and functional status of men and women 5 to 6 years after CABG have not been examined in a representative patient sample. This study compared the 5- to 6-year recovery in a cohort of 184 patients at the Minnesota site of the Post CABG Biobehavioral Study. Data were collected by telephone interview and self-administered questionnaires. Results showed that women had lower physical (p ≤. 004) and social (p = .001) functioning scores; men were more likely to participate in regular exercise (p = .01). Exercisers had higher functional status scores. ANCOVA demonstrated that differences in measures of functional status by exercise category were maintained even after controlling for age, sex, and symptom severity (p ≤ .01). In conclusion, individuals who exercised had more positive functional outcomes 5 to 6 years post-CABG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-498
Number of pages20
JournalWestern journal of nursing research
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004

Keywords

  • CABG
  • Coronary artery bypass graft surgery
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Exercise
  • Function
  • Heart disease

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