Functional parcellation of the neonatal cortical surface

Michael J. Myers, Alyssa K. Labonte, Evan M. Gordon, Timothy O. Laumann, Jiaxin C. Tu, Muriah D. Wheelock, Ashley N. Nielsen, Rebecca F. Schwarzlose, M. Catalina Camacho, Dimitrios Alexopoulos, Barbara B. Warner, Nandini Raghuraman, Joan L. Luby, Deanna M. Barch, Damien A. Fair, Steven E. Petersen, Cynthia E. Rogers, Christopher D. Smyser, Chad M. Sylvester

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The cerebral cortex is organized into distinct but interconnected cortical areas, which can be defined by abrupt differences in patterns of resting state functional connectivity (FC) across the cortical surface. Such parcellations of the cortex have been derived in adults and older infants, but there is no widely used surface parcellation available for the neonatal brain. Here, we first demonstrate that existing parcellations, including surface-based parcels derived from older samples as well as volume-based neonatal parcels, are a poor fit for neonatal surface data. We next derive a set of 283 cortical surface parcels from a sample of n = 261 neonates. These parcels have highly homogenous FC patterns and are validated using three external neonatal datasets. The Infomap algorithm is used to assign functional network identities to each parcel, and derived networks are consistent with prior work in neonates. The proposed parcellation may represent neonatal cortical areas and provides a powerful tool for neonatal neuroimaging studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberbhae047
JournalCerebral Cortex
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.


  • cortical areas
  • fMRI
  • functional connectivity
  • neonate
  • parcellation


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