Full-diversity full-rate complex-field space-time coding

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148 Scopus citations


Exciting recent developments in wireless multi-antenna communications have led to designs aiming mainly at one of two objectives: either high-performance by enabling the diversity provided by multi-input multi-output (MIMO) channels or high-rates by capitalizing on space-time multiplexing gains to realize the high capacity of MIMO fading channels. By concatenating a linear complex-field coder (a.k.a. linear precoder) with a layered space-time mapper, we design systems capable of achieving both goals: full-diversity and full-rate (FDFR), with any number of transmit- and receive-antennas. We develop FDFR designs not only for flat-fading but for frequency-selective, or, time-selective fading MIMO channels as well. Furthermore, we establish the flexibility of our FDFR designs in striking desirable performance-rate-complexity tradeoffs. Our theoretical claims are confirmed by simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2917-2930
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2003

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received December 24, 2002; revised June 3, 2003. The work in this paper was supported by the ARL/CTA under Grant DAAD19-01-2-011. The associate editor coordinating the review of this paper and approving it for publication was Dr. Rick S. Blum.


  • Capacity
  • Diversity
  • Frequency-selective channels
  • Linear complex-field coding
  • OFDM
  • Outage probability
  • Performance
  • Space-time coding
  • Time-selective wireless fading channels


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