FTS (fused toes homolog) a novel oncoprotein involved in uterine cervical carcinogenesis and a potential diagnostic marker for cervical cancer

Senthilkumar Cinghu, Arunkumar Anandharaj, Ho chang Lee, Jae Ran Yu, Woo Yoon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The high incidence and fatality rate of uterine cervical cancer warrant effective diagnostic and therapeutic target identification for this disease. Here, we have found a novel oncoprotein FTS (Fused Toes Homolog), which is involved in cervical cancer pathogenesis. Immnohistochemical analysis of human cervical biopsy samples revealed that the expression of FTS is absent in normal cervical epithelium but progressively overexpressed in human cervical intraneoplastic lesions (CIN-I to CIN-III), this characteristic phenomenon put this protein, a potential diagnostic marker for the screening of early neoplastic changes of cervix. Using FTS-specific small hairpin RNA (shRNA) in cervical cancer cells, we determined a specific role for FTS protein in, cervical neoplasia. Targeted stable knock down of FTS in HeLa cells led to the growth inhibition, cell-cycle arrest, and apoptosis with concurrent increase in p21 protein. FTS effectively represses the p21 mRNA expression in dual luciferase assay which indicates that p21 is transcriptionally regulated by this oncoprotein which in turn affect the regular cell-cycle process and its components. Consistent with this we found a reciprocal association between these proteins in early cervical neoplastic tissues. These data unraveled the involvement of new oncoprotein FTS in cervical cancer which plays a central role in carcinogenesis. Targeted inhibition of FTS lead to the shutdown of key elemental characteristics of cervical cancer and could lead to an effective therapeutic strategy for cervical cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1564-1572
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of cellular physiology
Volume226
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011

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