Fruit and Vegetable Snack Consumption Among Children With a Body Mass Index at or Above the 75th Percentile

Jiwoo Lee, Martha Y. Kubik, Jayne A. Fulkerson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption as snacks and the association with diet quality and compare the snacking environment and child and parent characteristics between children who consumed FV as snacks and those who did not. Methods: This secondary analysis study used baseline data from a healthy weight management study with 8- to 12-year-old children with a body mass index ≥75th percentile. Data collection included 24-hour dietary recalls, measured height/weight, and child and parent surveys. Results: Children (n = 119) consumed 0.1 cup equivalent per 1,000 kcal of FV as snacks, the equivalent of 16.9% of their daily FV consumption. More FV consumption as snacks occurred at home when a parent was present and was associated with higher parent support for FV consumption as snacks (P = 0.03). Conclusions and Implications: Renewed attention to strategies to promote FV consumption as snacks, especially at away-from-home locations, is merited.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)619-624
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Issue number7
Early online dateMar 2 2021
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the National Institute of Nursing Research under Award Number R01NR013473 (Kubik M.Y., PI, the SNAPSHOT study, National Clinical Trial number NCT02029976) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This research was also supported by the NIH's National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, grants KL2TR002492 and UL1TR002494. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the views of the NIH.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior


  • body mass index
  • child
  • fruit
  • snacks
  • vegetables


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