Fructose-2,6-bisphosphate and control of carbohydrate metabolism in eukaryotes

David A. Okar, Alex J Lange

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fructose-2,6-bisphosphate is an important intracellular biofactor in the control of carbohydrate metabolic fluxes in eukaryotes. It is generated from ATP and fructose-6-phosphate by 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase and degraded to fructose-6-phosphate and phosphate ion by fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase. In most organisms these enzymatic activities are contained in a single polypeptide. The reciprocal modulation of the kinase and bisphosphatase activities by post-translational modifications places the level of the biofactor under the control of extra-cellular signals. In general, these signals are generated in response to changing nutritional states, therefore, fructose-2,6-bisphosphate plays a role in the adaptation of organisms, and the tissues within them, to changes in environmental and metabolic states. Although the specific mechanism of fructose-2,6-bisphosphate action varies between species and between tissues, most involve the allosteric activation of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase and inhibition of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase. These highly conserved enzymes regulate the fructose-6-phosphate/fructose- 1,6-bisphosphate cycle, and thereby, determine the carbon flux. It is by reciprocal modulation of these activities that fructose-2,6-bisphosphate plays a fundamental role in eukaryotic carbohydrate metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalBioFactors
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Fructose-2,6-bisphosphate and control of carbohydrate metabolism in eukaryotes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this