From Order to Disorder: Computational Design of Triblock Amphiphiles with 1 nm Domains

Zhengyuan Shen, Jingyi L. Chen, Viktoriia Vernadskaia, S. Piril Ertem, Mahesh K. Mahanthappa, Marc A. Hillmyer, Theresa M. Reineke, Timothy P. Lodge, J. Ilja Siepmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using molecular dynamics simulations and transferable force fields, we designed a series of symmetric triblock amphiphiles (or high-χ block oligomers) comprising incompatible sugar-based (A) and hydrocarbon (B) blocks that can self-assemble into ordered nanostructures with sub-1 nm domains and full domain pitches as small as 1.2 nm. Depending on the chain length and block sequence, the ordered morphologies include lamellae, perforated lamellae, and hexagonally perforated lamellae. The self-assembly of these amphiphiles bears some similarities, but also some differences, to those formed by symmetric triblock polymers. In lamellae formed by ABA amphiphiles, the fraction of B blocks "bridging" adjacent polar domains is nearly unity, much higher than that found for symmetric triblock polymers, and the bridging molecules adopt elongated conformations. In contrast, "looping" conformations are prevalent for A blocks of BAB amphiphiles. Above the order-disorder transition temperature, the disordered states are locally well-segregated yet the B blocks of ABA amphiphiles are significantly less stretched than in the lamellar phases. Analysis of both hydrogen-bonded and nonpolar clusters reveals the bicontinuous nature of these network phases. This simulation study furnishes detailed insights into structure-property relationships for mesophase formation on the 1 nm length scale that will aid further miniaturization for numerous applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9352-9362
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume142
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 20 2020

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    University of Minnesota MRSEC (DMR-1420013)

    Lodge, T. P.

    11/1/1410/31/20

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    MRSEC SEED Projects

    11/1/14 → …

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