From mixture theory to biot's approach for porous media

Olivier Coussy, Luc Dormieux, Emmanuel Detournay

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120 Scopus citations


Two apparently different approaches are used in dealing with the mechanics of a deformable porous medium : mixture theories on the one hand, and purely macroscale theories, which are mainly associated with the work of Biot, on the other hand. In the mixture theories, the porous medium is represented by spatially superposed interacting media, while macroscale theories assume that standard concepts of continuum mechanics are still relevant at the macro-level. The aim of this paper is two-fold. First, it is shown that the macroscale field equations derived from mixture theories can be reformulated in terms of the measurable quantities involved in the macroscale theories. Second, it is demonstrated how these field equations, including the fundamental inequality obtained from the second law, entail the existence of a macroscale C-potential upon which a thermo- dynamically consistent formulation of the constitutive equations can be firmly founded.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4619-4635
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Issue number34-35
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998


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